Stanislav Mankov

For decades, long-range missile weaponry is one of the main pillars of the strength
and mythology of russian terrorists. Despite paranoid secrecy in these fields of
study and branches of industry, we have enough open data to get a fairly complete
picture of russia’s “advanced” missile weapons. We’ll start with the spoiler: no, we do not see any signs that the rocket attacks will end quickly. Although this is becoming more expensive, more difficult for Russia (and sometimes even less effective), but according to our estimates, russia’s missiles may be enough for at least another 2-3 weeks of shelling 40-60 missiles a day.

How many missiles russia already used against Ukraine ?

According to US DoD, US DoD, as of April 6, 2022, the Russian Federation has used more than 1,400 missiles of various types (already 1,500+ at the time of publication) since the beginning of the open war against Ukraine. 

Here we’re going to talk about medium-range cruise missiles, anti-ship missiles, and tactical ballistic missiles, which are launched from ground, sea, and air platforms. Aviation tactical weapons and rockets for multiple rocket launchers require a dedicated article.

graphics by CSIS defence

Fifty days after the full-scale war against Ukraine was broke out by russians, it’s possible to track specific trends in missile strikes. Firstly, russia has to perform surprisingly extensive and massive missile strikes due to failed “blitzkrieg”. Secondly, they have to launch extra missiles per target (sometimes military targets) due to the mediocre accuracy of this weaponry. The prepared reserves of ballistic missiles “Iskanders” and cruise missiles “Kalibr” prepared for the “blitzkrieg”  have been virtually expended, so russia is forced to:

Similar changes in long-range strike operations of the enemy mean: 

The brief comprehensive chapter about russian missile systems, observed in Ukraine

Generally, the enemy uses a solid bunch of various missile systems to conduct strikes on Ukraine. These systems are divided into two fundamentally distinct categories:

visuals CSIS defence
  1. Х-555 – subsonic air-launched intermediate-range cruise missile
subsonic air-launched intermediate-range cruise missile Х-555

Soviet/russian subsonic (moving slower than ~ 320 m / s, speed of sound in the air at 5000 m height) strategic cruise missile, used by strategic bombers to perform strikes on warehouses, headquarters, and infrastructure or industry by preloaded coordinates of targets. Modification of Kh-55 / Kh-55SM missiles for the conventional, non-nuclear warhead.

Good news:

Bad news:

  1. Х-101 – subsonic air-launched intermediate-range cruise missile

Soviet/russian subsonic (moving slower than ~ 320 m / s, speed of sound in the air at 5000 m height) strategic cruise missile, used by strategic bombers to perform strikes on warehouses, headquarters, and infrastructure or industry by preloaded coordinates of targets.

Good news:

Bad news:

  1. 9M728/9М729 Iskander-K —  subsonic ground-launched intermediate-range cruise missile

Soviet/russian ground-launched cruise missile based on a mobile 8×8 transporter-erector-launcher(TEL). Despite the proliferation of various names such as R-500 and 9M728/9M729, this is one more missile of family 3M-54 / 3M-14 Kalibr. It entered service in 2007.

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  1. 3М-54/3М-14 Kalibr – a family of cruise missiles

A family of Russian cruise missiles with various launch platforms. There are 5-6 kinds of missiles inside the family including anti-ship to anti-submarine and land-strike capable missiles.

In the context of missile strikes on the territory of Ukraine, we are interested in the very 3M-14 missile. This is a subsonic intermediate-range cruise missile able to attack land stationary targets. Launch platforms for 3M-14 are surface ships and submarines. It entered service in 2004.

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  1. P-800/3М55 Onyx, — supersonic universal anti-ship missile

Soviet / russian supersonic (moving faster than ~ 320 m / s, speed of sound in the air at 5000 m height ) universal medium-range missile, sea and coastal based. The missile has been in development since 1983 and was adopted in service in 2002. The primary targets of Onyx are ships. Also, it is capable to attack ground targets. Export modification of this P-800 missile is called “Yakhont”. According to reports, an improved version of this missile, called Onyx-M and an extended up to 800 km range, has been tested since September 2019.

Bastion-P” coastal missile system with P-800 Onyx missiles is used to perform missile strikes in Ukraine. The complex entered service in 2015.


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  1. 9M723 Iskander-M – ground-launched short range ballistic missile

Soviet / Russian solid-propellant single-stage ballistic missile based on a ground mobile platform. “Grandson” of the missile complex “Tochka-U”. 

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  1. Kh-47M2 Kinzhal — air-launched short range ballistic missile

Russian solid-propellant single-stage air-launched ballistic missile from MiG-31К and Тu-22М3М. Powerfully hyped “hypersonic” weapon, one of the six wunderwaffe, according to Putin’s speech in 2018.. In fact, this wunderwaffe is an ordinary ballistic missile, the same type as the 9M723 Iskander missile. By the way, a huge bunch of ballistic missiles is hypersonic (capable to move 5 times faster than sound in the air).

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  1. 9M79М Tochka-U  — tactical ballistic missile

Soviet ground-based solid-propellant single-stage ballistic missile on a road-mobile platform.

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How many missiles does russia has?

Talking about missile statistics, we’ve to distinguish between a complete missile miss, a collateral missile hit, and an actual missile hit.

So, the complete missile miss case is about critical technical failures or the shooting down of a missile by air defense or fighters.

The collateral missile hit is some damage to a random target. For example, the planned target of the missile strike was a military factory. However, missiles hit some resident buildings nearby.

The actual missile hit is damage or destruction specific target as was planned prior to the missile launch.

According to the information of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on March 24, 2022, less than 40% of the enemy missile launches achieved at least the collateral missile hit and we had the possibility to report hits&damage. Obviously, the amount of the actual missile hits has to be lower and classified at the moment.

The infographic does not specify, but likely, the anti-ship P-800 “Onyx” and 9M728 “Iskander-K”  cruise missiles are included in the “Kalibr” chunk, and the X-47M2 “Kinzhal” missiles are folded with the ballistic missiles “Iskanders” block.

visuals: Top Lead, sourses: US Department of Defense, Ministry of Defense of Ukraine

Using data from the US DoD (total number of missiles launched) and the General Staff of the Armed Forces (number of missiles hit), it is possible to make valid assumptions on how many missiles were used in the period from 24.02.2022 to 06.04.2022, by types:

Talking about the total amount of missiles, 

available to the enemy on 24.02.2022, one or another type, it is possible to make valid assumptions based on public information and analysis of missile launch trends :

Some of these assumptions are:

1) for example, about the Kalibr cruise missiles

It was reported, according to, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, that in 4 months of this year their army received 48 Caliber missiles in April 2019. This info gives us an annual production rate of ~ 150 pieces/year. 

The Kalibr missile family includes 6 types: two types of naval-based anti-ship missiles, two types of anti-submarine torpedo-missiles, and two types of land-attack missiles – 3M14 and 9M728, naval and ground-based, respectively. 

Only the last two types of missiles are used by the enemy to launch missile strikes on Ukraine.

Trials of the missile were completed by the 3M14 in 2004, and the 9M728 missile completed its tests in 2007. Serial production of the product usually begins only after the completion of its trials.

Therefore, given the annual production rate for the missile family, knowing the number of types within the Kalibr family and the start date of mass production for each of the missiles, it is possible to calculate the estimated number of 3M14 and 9M728 missiles produced : 540 and 450, respectively. 

In total, about 990 land-attack missiles were in stockpiles and available to the enemy before the full-scale attack on Ukraine, of which ~ 560 the enemy already has launched to date.

Estimated actual stock of cruise missiles type 3M14 and 9M728 – 430 pieces.

2) the paragraph about “Iskander” ballistic missiles;

There isn’t public information about the production rates of Iskander ballistic missiles. However, the minimum estimated number of ballistic missiles is double ammunition for each of 152 available road-mobile launchers Iskander-M, ie 608 missiles

Already launched 540 “Iskanders” allow us to obtain estimated actual stock of ballistic missiles about 68 pieces to date. This is the very reason the enemy is forced to deploy obsolete Tochka-U.

The estimated number of air-launched ballistic missiles Kh-47M2 “Kinzhal” about several dozen pieces has an insignificant effect on the overall picture.

3) the one about Kh-555/Kh-101 cruise missiles;

Estimation of the number of cruise missiles X-555 / X-101 complicated by legacy secrecy since Soviet times. These missiles are carried and launched only by strategic bombers Tu-160 and Tu-95MS (also by literally a couple of “modern” Tu-22M3M), which are part of the strategic nuclear arsenal of Russia. The main weapons of these bombers are nuclear-capable air-launched intermediate-range cruise missiles Kh-55, Kh-55SM and Kh-102.

The minimum estimated number of conventional Kh-555 is about ~ 600 missiles, as a secondary ammunition type for strategic bombers. 

It is reported that Kh-101 cruise missiles are still in the deployment phase to date. So given the number of strategic missile carriers Tu-160, we can estimate the number of Kh-101 cruise missiles approximately 100-200 pieces

Despite nearly 300 cruise missiles of these two types already launched by the enemy, at least 400-500 missiles of Kh-555 and Kh-101 are available to russia, according to the minimum estimation.

4) In the scale of the missile strikes all around Ukraine, the number of P-800 missiles (operational range up to 300 km) and Point-U (operational range up to 120 km) is out of scope.


On February 24, Russia attacked Ukraine. We continue to follow the development of the situation. If you have information about Russian troops movement or any other information you want to share with us, email us via [email protected] or text in telegram on @JavelinSt. For particularly sensitive data – reach out, we will send more encrypted channels.

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